M ost horse industry circles agree: Geld male horses young, u nless they are gifted with athletic or genetic greatness and destined for breeding careers. Anthony Blikslager, DVM, PhD, professor of equine surgery at North Carolina State University, in Raleigh, says horse owners often base castration approaches on tradition, but he suggests they are are better served by working with their veterinarians to choose the right time and method for each horse. When to Do It? Blikslager prefers to castrate young stallions when they are about 1 year old because he says the surgery is usually simpler and poses less risk for complications than when the horse is older. Mature stallions have larger testicles and blood vessels, which can make the procedure problematic.
Castration was frequently used for religious or social reasons in certain cultures in Europe, South Asia, Africa, and East Asia. This attitude change typically makes for a mellower horse, yet takes several weeks to months to take effect. Recently the male has been getting very randy around her at anytime. Castration how to Dominion Post. New Orient, Volumes 1—3. The person may not develop pubic hair and will have a low sex drive or none at all.
Naughty nimphets. This topic provides about the castration of ruminants.
Chemical castration is castration via anaphrodisiac drugs , whether to reduce libido and sexual activity, to treat cancer , or otherwise.
- Castrating bulls or bull calves is desexing a male animal.
- I remember when we got our first sheep and we crossed our fingers that they would only have ewes.
- A transgender woman in North Derbyshire was so determined to have sex reassignment surgery, she performed a DIY castration.
There are two reasons to castrate a male pig: behavior and meat quality. Uncastrated male pigs, called boars, are known for aggression. Boars will bite, shove and jump on other pigs. Boars can also be hard for workers to handle, and boar aggression can be a risk to worker safety. Castrating a male pig will reduce these behaviors. Boar taint is associated with the hormones produced naturally in uncastrated male pigs.
Scientists think the odor evolved to attract female pigs. Castrated male pigs, called barrows, do not have testicles, so they cannot produce these sex hormones.
The castration process has many steps and should only be done by a person with training and experience with pigs. Male pigs are castrated using a disinfected surgical knife. A trained worker or veterinarian holds the pig and makes an incision above each testicle.
The testicle is pushed through the scrotal sac. The person doing the procedure is careful to break the testicular cords properly. It is important not to cause a hernia in the pig. The wound is then sprayed with an antiseptic. If a producer waits longer than 14 days, AVMA recommends that pigs be castrated at least five days before weaning.
Castrating very young pigs is important for several reasons. Young pigs are also small enough that one person can safely perform the procedure. Studies have also shown that younger pigs show fewer signs of pain during castration. Some pig producers use anesthesia or analgesics to reduce pain from castration. Though anesthesia may be used in some laboratory procedures, it is not common in modern swine production. Though analgesics and anesthesia are not officially approved in the U. Many pig producers do not use analgesics and anesthesia.
These painkillers can be costly, and some are not practical to use in a commercial setting. AVMA does recommend that pigs castrated after 14 days of age be given anesthesia or analgesics. In the United States, nearly percent of male pigs are castrated. However, some countries handle castration differently. One alternative is to harvest male pigs at a younger age.
Boar taint does not usually affect meat until the boar nears sexual maturity. Immuno-castration works by telling the body to create antibodies against a male sex hormone. Animal Smart. Animal Science. Hot topics. Why is animal science important? The fields of animal science. Breeding and genetics. Important terms in breeding and genetics. Reproductive physiology. Animal behavior. Animal products. Zoo nutritionist. Career resources.
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The reason I ask is because I may soon do the same for my Miztress or rather my Goddess as She now permits me to call Her. Answer this question Flag as New York: G. Insert the needle from the top into the middle-third of one testicle, and inject the fluid according to the weight prescribed on the bottle. In Diana Lary ed. It involves the removal of both testes and is irreversible.
Castration how to. Navigation menu
Luke , the church has broadly discouraged any understanding of this passage as recommending literal "self-castration". That is consistent with Jesus' claims as a rabbi to uphold the Law given to Moses, e. Matthew , a Law which also discouraged literal castration Deut However, in his own comments Jesus had no condemnation for any of the above. In Acts — , a eunuch is baptized by Philip the Evangelist , demonstrating acceptance of castrated individuals in his church.
The first canon of the First Council of Nicaea in AD forbid clergy members to voluntarily castrate themselves "when in perfect health", but freely accepted those who had been either castrated by others against their will, castrated due to a medical sickness or necessity, or those born as eunuchs. Paul, arguing against self-righteousness regarding circumcision in Galatians , says "As for those agitators, I wish they would go the whole way and emasculate themselves! Judaism strictly forbids the castration of either humans or animals.
The laws of castration including cases of irreversible or un-reversed vasectomy and all other cases where the flow of sperm is known to have been placed into a permanent state of dysfunction with either no hope or no desire to take the steps to repair.
According to Rashi , Kham Ham castrated his father Noah and was cursed as a result. In Judaism, castrated animals are deemed unfit for sacrifice in the Temple in Jerusalem Lev Castrated members of the priestly caste are forbidden to enter certain parts of the temple, to approach the altar, or to make sacrifices, although they could eat their share of the offerings and receive the priestly and Levite gifts Lev.
In Islam , castration is considered a sin and strictly forbidden, whether one performs it on himself or on another. As Abdullah ibn Mas'ood said, "We were on a campaign with the Messenger of Allah blessings and peace of Allah be upon him , and we had no women with us.
We said: Why don't we get ourselves castrated? But he forbade us to do that. A subject of castration who is altered before the onset of puberty will retain a high voice, non-muscular build, and small genitals. The person may not develop pubic hair and will have a low sex drive or none at all. Castrations after the onset of puberty will typically reduce the sex drive somewhat or even eliminate it altogether. Castrated people are automatically sterile , because the testes for males and ovaries for females produce sex cells needed for sexual reproduction.
Once removed, the subject is infertile. The voice does not change considerably. Body strength and muscle mass can decrease. Body hair may sometimes decrease and is less coarse. Skin is softer and pores are noticeably absent. Castration prevents male pattern baldness if it is done before hair is lost. However, castration will not restore hair growth after hair has already been lost due to male pattern baldness.
Historically, many eunuchs who additionally underwent a penectomy reportedly suffered from urinary incontinence associated with the removal of the penis. Without hormone replacement therapy HRT , typical symptoms similar to those experienced by menopausal women include hot flushes, gradual bone-density loss resulting in osteopenia or osteoporosis, and potential weight gain or redistribution of body fat to the hips and chest.
Replacement of testosterone in the form of gel, patches, or injections can largely reverse these effects, although breast enlargement has also been reported as a possible side effect of testosterone usage. The concept of castration plays an important role in psychoanalysis ; see , for example, castration anxiety. Castration as a metaphor also plays an important role in psychoanalytically-influenced literary theory, for example Harold Bloom 's The Anxiety of Influence.
In the case of chemical castration, ongoing regular injections of anti-androgens are required. Chemical castration does not actually remove the testicles or ovaries of the subject,  nor is it a form of sterilization.
Chemical castration seems to have a greater effect on bone density than physical castration. Humans commonly castrate domestic animals not intended for breeding.
Domestic animals are usually castrated to avoid unwanted or uncontrolled reproduction ; to reduce or prevent other manifestations of sexual behaviour such as defending the herd from humans and other threats, or intra-herd aggression e. Male horses are usually castrated gelded using emasculators , because stallions are rather aggressive and troublesome.
The same applies to male mules , although they are sterile. Male cattle are castrated to improve fattening and docility in feedlots or for use as oxen. Breeding individuals are kept entire and used for breeding: they may fetch higher prices when sold. Livestock may be castrated when used for food to increase growth or weight or both of individual male animals [ citation needed ] and because of the undesirable taste and odor of the meat from sexually mature males.
In domestic pigs the taint, called boar taint , is caused by androstenone and skatole concentrations stored in the fat tissues of the animal after sexual maturity. This is due to many breeds of pigs simply not having the heredity for the boar taint and the fact that pigs are normally slaughtered at a young market weight.
In the case of pets, castration is usually called neutering , and is encouraged to prevent overpopulation of the community by unwanted animals, and to reduce certain diseases such as prostate disease and testicular cancer in male dogs oophorectomy in female pets is often called spaying. Testicular cancer is rare in dogs, and also prostate problems are somewhat common in castrated male dogs when they get older.
Methods of veterinary castration include instant surgical removal, the use of an elastrator tool to secure a band around the testicles that disrupts the blood supply, the use of a Burdizzo tool or emasculators to crush the spermatic cords and disrupt the blood supply, pharmacological injections and implants and immunological techniques to inoculate the animal against his own sexual hormones.
Certain animals, like horses and swine , are usually surgically treated with a scrotal castration which can be done with the animal standing while sedated and after local anesthetic has been applied , while others, like dogs and cats, are anesthetised and recumbent when surgically castrated with a pre-scrotal incision in the case of dogs, or a pre-scrotal or scrotal incision used for cats.
Castration of cattle has historically been done without pain medications. All methods of castration cause pain and distress, which can be minimized by castrating as early as possible, preferably within the first week of life. The Canadian Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Beef Cattle requires that, as of , calves older than six months be castrated using pain control. In veterinary practice an "open" castration refers to a castration in which the inguinal tunic is incised and not sutured.
A "closed" castration refers to when the procedure is performed so that the inguinal tunic is sutured together after incision. Some parasitic nematodes chemically castrate their hosts. For example, Microphallus pseudopygmaeus chemically castrates its host, the snail Onoba aculeus , and causes it to grow larger than normal.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Surgical or chemical action that removes use of testicles. This article is about the practice as applied to humans. For livestock, see Neutering. Not to be confused with Penis removal or Emasculation. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: Chemical castration.
See also: Neutering and Veterinary sterilization surgery. Main article: Parasitic castration. Menopause Int. Retrieved 5 February ABC News". Royal imagery in medieval Georgia.
University Park, Pa. Archived from the original on 21 March Retrieved 21 March Transexualidades: Otras Miradas Posibles. Chronological handbook of the history of China: a manuscript left by the late Rev.
Ernst Faber. Retrieved 11 January China in the light of history. American Presbyterian mission press. Cyclopaedia of political science, political economy, and of the political history of the United States, Volume 1. Rand, McNally. Children in slavery through the ages.
Ohio University Press. The eunuchs in the Ming dynasty. SUNY Press. Retrieved 28 June China of the Chinese. Charles Scribner's Sons. Qin Shihuang. The early Chinese empires: Qin and Han. Harvard University Press. Osiris, Volume Saint Catherine Press. The History of China. The Rosen Publishing Group. Women in traditional Chinese theater: the heroine's play. University Press of America. Indiana University Press. Cambridge University Press.
Research for this project was facilitated by a grant from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada.
Although the link is to a forum, the paper is posted in its full length there since it is not available online as it was never published.
The following links are to papers and articles where the original paper by Jennifer W. Jay was referenced in the bibliography 5. Jennifer W. Archived from the original PDF on 21 October Retrieved 6 September CS1 maint: archived copy as title link  Jennifer, W.
Not published. Archived from the original on 9 October Archived from the original on 12 October Archived from the original on 10 October Retrieved 5 September Archived from the original on 27 April Retrieved 12 January Retrieved 9 January Cooper The geography of genocide. New Orient, Volumes 1—3. Czechoslovak Society for Eastern Studies. Genghis Khan: Life, Death, and Resurrection. In the footsteps of Genghis Khan. University of Hawaii Press. Retrieved 12 May Appleton and Company.
Hague New York: G. Putnam's Sons. Retrieved 19 September New York Times. New York. New York: Anchor. Retrieved 3 November Retrieved 17 December Viet Bao. Retrieved 27 July Archived from the original on 11 April Archived from the original on 21 September Zing News.
Archived from the original on 21 July Zing news. Retrieved 1 August Archived from the original on 30 March Archived from the original on 10 July Archived from the original on 18 July Retrieved 26 July Archived from the original on 25 February Archived from the original PDF on 29 May Retrieved 5 January Second Series, Volume 1 , p.
Shin In Diana Lary ed. UBC Press. Archived from the original PDF on 21 September Diana Lary ed. Archived from the original on 17 October Archived from the original on 2 December Archived from the original on 27 July CBS News. Retrieved 23 October Gulf Times. Archived from the original on 18 January Retrieved 5 October I spent seven years in hell," says Raju, now 21, trying hard not to cry. Thapa Magar took him to Rani Haveli, a brothel in Mumbai that specialized in male sex workers and sold him for Nepali Rs 85, For two years, Raju was kept locked up, taught to dress as a girl and castrated.
Many of the other boys there were castrated as well. Beatings and starvation became a part of his life. Archived from the original on 6 July Retrieved 13 June Your Leydig cells will suffer from asphyxia and this will, in turn, cause your estradiol producing Sertoli cells to compensate by overproducing Estrogen 2, E2.
Using our breast enlargement pills, creams and wearing certain clothing to compress the genitals will help raise sex hormone binding globulin, this is the blood protein that transports testosterone and DHT from the endocrine glands to target cells.
Estradiol stimulates the production of SHBG and by using our Transfemme cream to your genitals you can speed your feminization process. High levels of Sex Hormone Binding Globulin in your bloodstream will bind to the testosterone keeping it in the blood, reducing the amount that goes into your cells making the testosterone impotent.
As you get your testosterone and DHT under control on our Transfemme Program any male pattern baldness, receding hairline, will decrease or go away completely leaving you with thick, long and healthy hair.
When joining our Full Feminization Transfemme Program, you will receive full instructions of how you can tightly compress your scrotum and penis into a tight little package while the exterior of some panties is made to look like a labia and clitoris.
Imagine you wake up in the morning and you now have a tiny, little sissy package between your legs! It easily tucks into your new bikini bottoms and lady panties. Your micro testicles are now the source of your estrogen and your body is feminizing.
Join the thousands of sissy ladies who have Transformed with Transfemme. Combining our breast enlargement pills and cream will help to create a natural castration method. Many of our clients have told us they have successfully shrunk their penis and scrotum to small, little-wet noodles that easily hide in a bikini bottom! Joining our Full Feminization Transfemme Program you can get the benefits of having tiny, non-functioning testicles, reducing their size and male hormone production to release female hormones instead!
Our Full Feminization Transfemme Program can help you feminize without the use of drugs or surgery to reach your feminization goals! Now that you know the benefits of having tiny sissy testicles should you actually go through with a surgical castration?
Castration: The When and How – The Horse
Castrating or neutering a male dog is an operation requiring a general anaesthetic. Both testicles are removed. Your own vet is the best person to advise you about your particular dog, but the following general advice may also help. Only behaviours which are related to male hormone levels will be improved, so castration is never an alternative to proper socialisation and training. For example, a tendency to escape and run away will improve if your dog is chasing the scent of a bitch in season, but not if your dog is just untrained and wilful.
An aggressive dog can be improved by castration if the cause is related to his male hormone levels, but not if your dog has not been well socialised and is afraid of people and other dogs. In my opinion, it is unchanged unless it is a change for the better as in certain behaviours mentioned above. The best age to castrate depends on the reason for doing so. If it is a planned procedure, it might well be carried out at months of age, if your vet is happy that your dog is physically mature enough.
If dog castration is advised for behavioural reasons, it might not be obvious until years of age that there is a need for it.
When castration is carried out later in life, the positive changes might not be quite so great, but your dog is never too old to castrate if there is a medical reason for it, like a testicular tumour. During development, the testicles move down from inside the abdomen into the scrotum.
Usually both will have descended into the scrotum by the time a puppy is seen for vaccinations at around 2 months of age.
If one or both testicles have not descended into the scrotum, this will need to be checked later. If either or both of the testicles stays inside the abdomen, they will be at greater risk of developing cancer in later life, so castration is usually advised. A dog which has one undescended testicle is called monorchid.
If he has two undescended testicles, he is called a cryptorchid. Your vet will want to check that your dog is in good general health, is the correct weight and has two fully descended testicles in the scrotum. Another important way of minimising risks is by taking a blood test before the anaesthetic. This could be done on the day of the operation or a few days earlier.
This is used to check the liver and kidney function both vital when dealing with anaesthetic drugs and to rule out any unsuspected illnesses. Before any anaesthetic the dog should be starved for a number of hours, according to the instructions of the surgery. Having an empty stomach prevents any problems with vomiting which could be dangerous. It is also a good idea to allow your dog enough exercise to empty the bladder and bowels.
Apart from that, it is best to stick as closely as possible to the normal routines of the day so that the dog does not feel anxious. On arrival at the surgery, you can expect to be seen by a vet or a veterinary nurse who will check that you understand the nature of the operation and will answer any questions you may have.
This is very important in case anything needs to be discussed with the owner before or during the operation. Your dog will be weighed to help calculate the dosages of drugs and given a physical examination including checking his heart. If any abnormalities are found, these will be discussed with the owner before deciding whether the operation goes ahead or not.
One possible outcome is that extra precautions such as intravenous fluids may be given. A pre-med, which is usually a combination of several drugs, will be given by injection.
This begins to make the dog feel a bit sleepy and ensures that pain relief will be as effective as possible. The anaesthetic gas allows the right level of anaesthesia to be maintained safely for as long as necessary. Various pieces of equipment will then be connected up to monitor the anaesthetic.
This is a skilled job which would usually be carried out by a qualified veterinary nurse. The area where the surgical incision is to be made will be prepared by clipping and thorough cleaning to make it as close to sterile as possible. The usual site of the incision for castration is not through the scrotum but just in front of it. The surgical instruments will have been sterilised in advance and are opened and laid out at the start of the operation.
The operation involves removal of both testicles. They are removed by cutting carefully through the skin just in front of the scrotum, and through the various layers which cover the testicle. The very large blood vessels and the spermatic cord have to be tied carefully before cutting, allowing removal of the testicle. The layers are then closed up with sutures, which may be visible on the surface or may be buried. Further drugs can now be given as needed. Occasionally a testicle can be partly descended so that it lies in the groin area, and can be removed in a similar way to a normal testicle but through a separate skin incision.
If the testicle is still lying right inside the abdomen, it can only be removed by opening up the abdomen, which is a much bigger operation for your dog and needs a longer recovery time. These testicles are often abnormally small, so can be hard to locate as well. When the operation is finished, the gas anaesthetic is reduced and the dog begins to wake up.
He will be constantly monitored and the tube removed from his windpipe when he reaches the right level of wakefulness. Your dog will be placed in a warm kennel with soft bedding and watched closely during recovery. Your dog will only be allowed to come home when he is awake enough to stand and walk unaided.
Full instructions should be given by the surgery concerning after-care, including when your dog can be offered food and water. Any concerns of any kind should be raised with the surgery. The scrotum is not removed during surgery, so it can appear at first as if nothing has been removed, especially if there is a little swelling after the operation.
However, the scrotum will gradually shrink as time goes by. If you are not sure whether the amount of swelling after the operation is normal or not, always telephone your surgery for advice. Any medication supplied should be given according to the instructions. Pain relief can be given by tablets or liquid on the food. Antibiotics are not always needed but may be supplied if there is a need for them.
Usually, there will be stitches in the skin which need to be removed after about 10 days, but sometimes these are concealed under the surface and will dissolve by themselves. Your surgery will arrange an appointment for any follow-up checks that are needed. The effects of castration can take a few weeks to be seen.
If your dog is being castrated to prevent breeding, it is important to realise that he may still be fertile for a while after castration. If all goes to plan, your dog should feel quite normal within about weeks of the operation, or a little longer if the testicles were internal. Click here for information on the bitch spay operation — female dog neutering. I habe a pit bull and i got him neutered seems like he still have his man hood still and i think they just tie him in side cause his man hood is turning blue ,are they post to tie them or take them out i seen videos of them taking them out.
Hi Sara, it is best to speak to your own vet about this condition as every case is different depending on medical history etc.
I rescued my dog a pitty age two and two weeks old. Then was put on antibiotics and pain meds and another med. Plus a collar that was for a dog his size,they gave him a little dog collar which makes sense how he got to the incision. Hi Sara we have gsp with same problem did go ahead with castration how long did take for recovery many thanks Charlie. My dog was castrated on Wednesday.
Should I be concerned? My dog was castrated at 9 mths with good recovery. However he is 2 now and I have never seen his penis? Should I be concerned and could it be related to castration. He seems fit and healthy, but does often lick the area. Hello Mark, please call your vet and have you dog looked at again. The operation and these new symptoms could be completely unrelated, but he needs to see a vet today as blood in vomit or faeces needs investigating.
Please call them. I would like to castrat my 3 year old terrier. I do not drive and the vet is about a mile away. Would the dog be able to walk back from surgery? Or would I have to find transport. Hi, my male shih Tzu is 7 month old and been neutered tomorrow.
He is in need of a trip to the groomers but how long after the operation will he be ok to have his hair cut.. Hi Mrs Bentham, he should be fine after the stitches are removed which is normally 10 days after the operation, or 10 days after they dissolve if the vet uses that type. His companion is a spayed 3 yrs old Chocolate Labrador approx 25kg and healthy.
Periodically he gets very randy towards her, incessantly trying to mount her; we presume she gives off periodic scents even after spaying. Are there any options other than castrating our dog? Any medications, standard, herbal or otherwise? Hi Gerard, there are a few different options other than castrating your dog, from injections to implants — it really is best to speak to your own vet for advice as not all vets use or stock them.
They may also have other suggestions as, of course, they know your animals too. My dog is coming up a year and was castrated 6 days ago. He has started wearing round the house big puddles as if he has been holding it for ages. He will do it even thou there are mats in the house which he is used to. Is it just a case of going back to basics with praising him.
Is it come ted to the op? We aim to reduce movement at the operation site for example by leaping and jumping so that he may heal internally and externally.
Keep a close eye on the wound itself as well, it should be healing over nicely by now.