You can change your city from here. We serve personalized stories based on the selected city. Hrithik Roshan-Tiger Shroff starrer 'War' is now the eighth highest grosser film ever, beats 'Padmaavat'. Week That Was! These 5 pictures proves that Suhana Khan is living it up in New York.
Retrieved 29 March Bollywood song lyrics especially in older films frequently use the poetic vocabulary Bollywood in india court Urdu, with Japanese doggie videos number of Persian loanwords. Did you know Janhvi Kapoor's swanky new car has a Sridevi connect? Sibiraj-Nandita's 'Kaavuladari' remake to begin in November. Penguin Group. Archived from the original on 20 June Russia Beyond. Psychology Press. Its critical and commercial success led to Bollywood in india emergence of a genre known as Mumbai noir:  Bollyowod films reflecting the city's social oBllywood.
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In , India sent the Mars Orbiter Mission into space, and became the first country to send a satellite to orbit the planet at its first attempt — putting its much richer regional rival China in the shade as it became the first Asian nation to get to the red planet.
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- Bollywood , Hindi-language sector of the Indian moviemaking industry that began in Bombay now Mumbai in the s and developed into an enormous film empire.
In , India sent the Mars Orbiter Mission into space, and became the first country to send a satellite to orbit the planet at its first attempt — putting its much richer regional rival China in the shade as it became the first Asian nation to get to the red planet. And as the country establishes itself as a space power, Indians have developed an appetite for sci-fi themes in its cinema. The patriotic outburst that followed the Mars mission has fuelled the latest example of Indian space cinema: Mission Mangal Sanskrit for Mars , a fictionalised account of the Orbiter Mission.
One reason might be the box office failure of Love Story in It encourages people to expand their vision and their thoughts, and truly believe that even the impossible can become possible. There is definitely so much potential. Then again, last year Kumar played the villain in 2. With these high profile missions to the moon and Mars, sci-fi is set to become a Bollywood staple. And on the big screen. Facebook Twitter Pinterest. Topics Film.
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Bharat 3. A number of Indian artists hand-painted movie billboards and posters. According to film critic Lata Khubchandani, "Our earliest films The industry boomed and today there are over theaters in Mumbai alone. Jha; Subhash Kumar, who was described as "the ultimate method actor" by Satyajit Ray , inspired future generations of Indian actors.
Bollywood in india. Hidimba Devi Mandir
One giant leap for Indian cinema: how Bollywood embraced sci-fi | Film | The Guardian
Hindi cinema , often known as Bollywood and formerly as Bombay cinema ,  is the Indian Hindi-language film industry based in Mumbai formerly Bombay. The term is a portmanteau of "Bombay" and " Hollywood ". The industry is related to Cinema of South India and other Indian film industries, making up Indian Cinema — the world's largest by number of feature films produced.
Indian cinema is the world's largest film industry in film production, with an annual output of 1, feature films in Bollywood is its largest film producer, with Hindi films produced in Alongside commercial masala films, a distinctive genre of art films known as parallel cinema has also existed, presenting realistic content and avoidance of musical numbers.
According to OxfordDictionaries. A number of journalists have been credited by newspapers with coining the word. According to Madhava Prasad, author of Surviving Bollywood , the term "Bollywood" was preceded by "Tollywood", which then referred to the cinema of West Bengal. The Bengali film industry, based in Tollygunge , Calcutta , was referred to as "Tollywood" in a American Cinematographer article. With Stevenson's encouragement and camera, Hiralal Sen , an Indian photographer, made a film of scenes from that show, The Flower of Persia Bhatavdekar showed a wrestling match at the Hanging Gardens in Bombay.
Dadasaheb Phalke 's silent Raja Harishchandra is the first feature film made in India. By the s, the industry was producing over films per year. The s and s were tumultuous times; India was buffeted by the Great Depression , World War II , the Indian independence movement , and the violence of the Partition.
The following year, he made a colour version of Mother India. However, colour did not become a popular feature until the late s.
At this time, lavish romantic musicals and melodramas were cinematic staples. Before the partition of India, which divided the country into the Republic of India and Pakistan , the Bombay film industry now called Bollywood was closely linked to the Lahore film industry now the Lollywood industry of Pakistani cinema ; both produced films in Hindi-Urdu or Hindustani , the lingua franca of northern and central India. Many actors, filmmakers and musicians from the Lahore industry migrated to the Bombay industry during the s, including actors K.
Around the same time, filmmakers and actors from the Calcutta film industry began migrating to Bombay; as a result, Bombay became the center of Hindi-Urdu film production in the Republic of India after partition. During this time period, actors such as Shantaram , Paidi Jairaj , and Motilal have made their mark. The period from the late s to the early s, after India's independence , is regarded by film historians as the Golden Age of Hindi cinema.
The films explored social themes, primarily dealing with working-class life in India particularly urban life in the first two examples. Awaara presented the city as both nightmare and dream, and Pyaasa critiqued the unreality of urban life. Asif 's Mughal-e-Azam Kapoor adopted Charlie Chaplin 's tramp ; Anand modeled himself on suave Hollywood stars like Gregory Peck and Cary Grant , and Kumar pioneered a form of method acting which predated Hollywood method actors such as Marlon Brando.
Kumar, who was described as "the ultimate method actor" by Satyajit Ray , inspired future generations of Indian actors. While commercial Hindi cinema was thriving, the s also saw the emergence of a parallel cinema movement. Their critical acclaim and the latter's commercial success paved the way for Indian neorealism  and the Indian New Wave synonymous with parallel cinema. After the social-realist film Neecha Nagar received the Palme d'Or at the inaugural Cannes Film Festival ,  Hindi films were frequently in competition for Cannes' top prize during the s and early s and some won major prizes at the festival.
During the late s and early s, the industry was dominated by musical romance films with romantic-hero leads. By the mids, romantic confections had given way to gritty, violent crime films and action films about gangsters the Bombay underworld]] and bandits dacoits. Salim-Javed's writing and Amitabh Bachchan's acting popularised the trend with films such as Zanjeer and particularly Deewaar , a crime film inspired by Gunga Jumna  which pitted "a policeman against his brother, a gang leader based on real-life smuggler Haji Mastan " Bachchan ; according to Danny Boyle , Deewaar was "absolutely key to Indian cinema".
The name "Bollywood" was coined during the s,   when the conventions of commercial Bollywood films were defined. The masala film was pioneered early in the decade by filmmaker Nasir Hussain ,  and the Salim-Javed screenwriting duo,  pioneering the Bollywood- blockbuster format. A landmark of the genre was Amar Akbar Anthony ,   directed by Manmohan Desai and written by Kader Khan , and Desai continued successfully exploiting the genre.
Both genres masala and violent-crime films are represented by the blockbuster Sholay , written by Salim-Javed and starring Amitabh Bachchan. It combined the dacoit film conventions of Mother India and Gunga Jumna with spaghetti Westerns , spawning the Dacoit Western also known as the curry Western which was popular during the s.
The devotional classic Jai Santoshi Ma was also released that year. Its blend of youthfulness, family entertainment, emotional intelligence and strong melodies lured audiences back to the big screen.
Known since the s as "New Bollywood",  contemporary Bollywood is linked to economic liberalization in India during the early s. The Khans have had successful careers since the late s,  and have dominated the Indian box office for three decades.
Its critical and commercial success led to the emergence of a genre known as Mumbai noir:  urban films reflecting the city's social problems. The s saw increased Bollywood recognition worldwide due to growing and prospering NRI and Desi communities overseas. The growth of the Indian economy and a demand for quality entertainment in this era led the country's film industry to new heights in production values, cinematography and screenwriting as well as technical advances in areas such as special effects and animation.
Although the films were often not praised by critics, they were commercially successful. Some of the films starring Aamir Khan have been credited with redefining and modernising the masala film with a distinct brand of socially conscious cinema. Among new conventions, female-centred films such as The Dirty Picture , Kahaani , and Queen started gaining wide financial success.
Moti Gokulsing and Wimal Dissanayake identify six major influences which have shaped Indian popular cinema: . Sharmistha Gooptu identifies Indo-Persian - Islamic culture as a major influence. During the early 20th century, Urdu was the lingua franca of popular cultural performance across northern India and established in popular performance art traditions such as nautch dancing, Urdu poetry , and Parsi theater.
Films based on " Persianate adventure-romances" led to a popular genre of " Arabian Nights cinema". India Todd Stadtman identifies several foreign influences on s commercial Bollywood masala films , including New Hollywood , Italian exploitation films , and Hong Kong martial arts cinema. Perhaps Bollywood's greatest influence has been on India's national identity, where with the rest of Indian cinema it has become part of the "Indian story".
Bollywood has also had a socio-political impact on Indian society, reflecting Indian politics. Bollywood has been a significant form of soft power for India, increasing its influence and changing overseas perceptions of India.
During the s, Bollywood began influencing musical films in the Western world and was instrumental role in reviving the American musical film. Baz Luhrmann said that his musical film, Moulin Rouge! The critical and financial success of Moulin Rouge! Indian film composer A. Danny Boyle 's Slumdog Millionaire , which won four Golden Globes and eight Academy Awards , was inspired by Bollywood films   and is considered an "homage to Hindi commercial cinema".
The influence of filmi may be seen in popular music worldwide. Technopop pioneers Haruomi Hosono and Ryuichi Sakamoto of the Yellow Magic Orchestra produced a electronic album, Cochin Moon , based on an experimental fusion of electronic music and Bollywood-inspired Indian music.
The Kronos Quartet re-recorded several R. Filmi music composed by A. Rahman who received two Academy Awards for the Slumdog Millionaire soundtrack has frequently been sampled by other musicians, including the Singaporean artist Kelly Poon , the French rap group La Caution and the American artist Ciara.
Many Asian Underground artists, particularly those among the overseas Indian diaspora , have also been inspired by Bollywood music. Bollywood films are primarily musicals, and are expected to have catchy song-and-dance numbers woven into the script. A film's success often depends on the quality of such musical numbers. Indian audiences expect value for money, and a good film is generally referred to as paisa vasool , literally "money's worth".
These are called masala films , after the Hindi word for a spice mixture. Bollywood plots have tended to be melodramatic , frequently using formulaic ingredients such as star-crossed lovers, angry parents, love triangles, family ties, sacrifice, political corruption, kidnapping, villains, kind-hearted courtesans , long-lost relatives and siblings, reversals of fortune and serendipity.
Parallel cinema films, in and outside Bollywood, tended to be less popular at the box office. A large Indian diaspora in English-speaking countries and increased Western influence in India have nudged Bollywood films closer to Hollywood. According to film critic Lata Khubchandani, "Our earliest films Strangely, it was after Independence the censor board came into being and so did all the strictures. Bollywood employs people from throughout India.
It attracts thousands of aspiring actors and actresses hoping for a break in the industry. As in Hollywood, very few succeed. Since many Bollywood films are shot abroad, many foreign extras are employed. Very few non-Indian actors are able to make a mark in Bollywood, although many have tried.
Bollywood can be insular, and relatives of film-industry figures have an edge in obtaining coveted roles in films or being part of a film crew. However, industry connections are no guarantee of a long career: competition is fierce, and film-industry scions will falter if they do not succeed at the box office. Film scripts known as dialogues in Indian English and their song lyrics are often written by different people.
Scripts are usually written in an unadorned Hindi-Urdu, known as Hindustani , which would be understood by the largest possible audience.
Salim-Javed wrote in Urdu script , which was then transcribed by an assistant into Devanagari script so Hindi readers could read the Urdu dialogues. Some films have used regional dialects to evoke a village setting, or archaic Urdu in medieval historical films. In her book, The Cinematic ImagiNation , Jyotika Virdi wrote about the presence of Urdu in Hindi films: "Urdu is often used in film titles, screenplay, lyrics, the language of love, war, and martyrdom.
It is true that many Urdu words have survived and have become part of Hindi cinema's popular vocabulary. But that is as far as it goes Contemporary mainstream films also use English; according to the article "Bollywood Audiences Editorial", "English has begun to challenge the ideological work done by Urdu. The blend of Hindi, Urdu and English sometimes heard in modern Bollywood films, known as Hinglish , has become increasingly common.
Cinematic language in dialogues or lyrics is often melodramatic, invoking God, family, mother, duty, and self-sacrifice. Song lyrics are often about love. Bollywood song lyrics especially in older films frequently use the poetic vocabulary of court Urdu, with a number of Persian loanwords.
Music directors often prefer working with certain lyricists, and the lyricist and composer may be seen as a team. This phenomenon has been compared to the pairs of American composers and songwriters who created classic Broadway musicals.