Worldwide, at least 2. Overweight and obesity lead to adverse metabolic effects on blood pressure, cholesterol, triglycerides and insulin resistance. Risks of coronary heart disease, ischemic stroke and type 2 diabetes mellitus increase steadily with increasing body mass index BMI , a measure of weight relative to height. Raised body mass index also increases the risk of cancer of the breast, colon, prostate, endometrium, kidney and gall bladder. Mortality rates increase with increasing degrees of overweight, as measured by body mass index.
There are other things to think about when judging how much someone should weigh. Email Address. Being physically active, avoiding smoking and eating unsaturated fat Average bmi for an adult of saturated fat have been shown to decrease the risk of developing abdominal obesity. Doctors and nurses often use BMI to help find out if adulr Average bmi for an adult might have a weight problem. Women's obesity was significantly higher than men's, with the exception of high income countries where it was similar. For example, spread peanut butter on toast, sprinkle cheese on top of chili, or use milk in your oatmeal instead of water. The percentiles are then used to determine the different weight groups:. Child, family and relationship services. Conditions and Tiny tits free galary. Pregnancy and birth services.
Stuck out like a sore thumb. Accuracy of BMI
We know unquestionably that a number of chronic health Candia vaginal infection are made worse by being overweight, and science continues to be consistent about that. Relation of body mass index and skinfold thicknesses to cardiovascular disease risk factors in children: the Bogalusa Heart Study. And, that can be difficult given have chronic disorders are associated with impaired Average bmi for an adult. Risks of Overweight and Obesity. Epub May Height: Feet. A man who is 5 ft. BMI can be used for population assessment Average bmi for an adult overweight and obesity. Related Resources. For example, visceral fat accumulating around the liver is a key factor in fatty liver disease, according to a report published in the Journal of Gastroenterology in May Athletes usually have less than nonathletes. Obesity among 2- to year-olds is defined as a BMI at or above the 95 th percentile of children of Averagr same age and sex in this bi reference population. He's mids, married, with two kids.
The benefits of maintaining a healthy weight go far beyond improved energy and smaller clothing sizes.
- Adult BMI Calculator.
- The benefits of maintaining a healthy weight go far beyond improved energy and smaller clothing sizes.
Maintaining a healthy weight may reduce the risk of chronic diseases associated with overweight and obesity. For information about the importance of a healthy diet and physical activity in maintaining a healthy weight, visit Preventing Weight Gain. People who are overweight or obese are at higher risk for chronic conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol. Anyone who is overweight should try to avoid gaining additional weight. Additionally, if you are overweight with other risk factors such as high LDL cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol, or high blood pressure , you should try to lose weight.
Talk with your healthcare provider to determine appropriate ways to lose weight. For information about the importance of a healthy diet and physical activity in reaching a healthy weight, visit Healthy Weight. A widget is an application that can be used by partners to display featured health content directly on their desktop, website or social media site.
Widgets can also be shared with friends. Add this widget to your Web site to let anyone calculate their BMI. Flash Player 9 is required. Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link.
Healthy Weight. Section Navigation. Adult BMI Calculator. Minus Related Pages. Height: Feet. Weight: Pounds. Related Resources.
What is BMI? How is BMI used? Why is BMI used to measure overweight and obesity? What are some of the other ways to assess excess body fatness besides BMI?
How is BMI calculated? How is BMI interpreted for adults? Is BMI interpreted the same way for children and teens as it is for adults? How good is BMI as an indicator of body fatness?
If an athlete or other person with a lot of muscle has a BMI over 25, is that person still considered to be overweight? What are the health consequences of obesity for adults? To receive email updates about this topic, enter your email address. Email Address. What's this? Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity. Related Topics. Diabetes Nutrition. Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website.
August 29, Risks of Overweight and Obesity. Age Range. Greater weight loss can even help reduce BP and improve blood cholesterol. For reprint requests, please see our Content Usage Policy. You may need the help of a nutritionist, who can guide you with things such as caloric goals and whether you need to take vitamin and mineral supplements. While, a person with a very high BMI e.
Average bmi for an adult. Explore Everyday Health
She earned her Master of Science in nutrition from the University of Chicago and has contributed to health and wellness magazines, including Prevention, Self, Shape and Cooking Light. Maintaining a healthy weight isn't just about aesthetics; being overweight significantly increases your risk of various chronic diseases. One of the ways health providers indirectly measure body fat is by calculating your body mass index, or BMI.
The measurement indicates whether you're underweight, at a healthy weight, overweight or obese. Finding out your BMI is a good way to know whether or not you need to shed weight. BMI is an indirect calculation of body fat based on height and weight. Weight is calculated in pounds and height in inches. For example, the calculation for a person weighing pounds and standing 6 feet tall is divided by 5, multiplied by , which equals a BMI of A BMI of The average American having a BMI of Athletes with high BMIs are an exception, as they may not actually be overweight.
BMI is often not an accurate measurement of body fatness for athletes because they tend to have much higher muscle mass than the average person. Excess weight puts a burden on your body and may cause elevated blood cholesterol, high blood pressure and raised blood sugar, which are signs of problematic health conditions.
Being overweight or obese puts you at a higher risk for heart disease, certain cancers, stroke, hypertension, type-2 diabetes, sleep apnea, fatty liver disease and osteoarthritis. People with a higher BMI have a bigger waist circumference, another marker for chronic disease risk. The largest and longest study to evaluate the health risks of excess abdominal fat, also known as visceral fat, is the Nurses' Health Study.
Researchers found that independent of BMI, having a higher waist circumference puts you at a significantly increased risk of death from heart disease, cancer and all causes. The study was published in the April issue of the journal Circulation. Visceral fat is dangerous because it's deeper in the abdomen and accumulates around your organs, promoting inflammation and negatively affecting surrounding organs.
BMI can be used as a screening tool for body fatness but is not diagnostic. To see the formula based on either kilograms and meters or pounds and inches, visit How is BMI calculated? Other methods to measure body fatness include skinfold thickness measurements with calipers , underwater weighing, bioelectrical impedance, dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry DXA , and isotope dilution 1,2,3.
However, these methods are not always readily available, and they are either expensive or need to be conducted by highly trained personnel.
BMI is calculated the same way for both adults and children. The calculation is based on the following formulas:. With the metric system, the formula for BMI is weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared. Because height is commonly measured in centimeters, divide height in centimeters by to obtain height in meters.
Calculate BMI by dividing weight in pounds lbs by height in inches in squared and multiplying by a conversion factor of For adults 20 years old and older, BMI is interpreted using standard weight status categories.
These categories are the same for men and women of all body types and ages. The standard weight status categories associated with BMI ranges for adults are shown in the following table. For children and teens, the interpretation of BMI depends upon age and sex. BMI is interpreted differently for children and teens, even though it is calculated using the same formula as adult BMI. These percentiles were determined using representative data of the U.
Obesity among 2- to year-olds is defined as a BMI at or above the 95 th percentile of children of the same age and sex in this to reference population. For example, a year-old boy of average height 56 inches who weighs pounds would have a BMI of For adults, the interpretation of BMI does not depend on sex or age.
The correlation between the BMI and body fatness is fairly strong 1,2,3,7 , but even if 2 people have the same BMI, their level of body fatness may differ The accuracy of BMI as an indicator of body fatness also appears to be higher in persons with higher levels of BMI and body fatness While, a person with a very high BMI e.
However, athletes may have a high BMI because of increased muscularity rather than increased body fatness. In general, a person who has a high BMI is likely to have body fatness and would be considered to be overweight or obese, but this may not apply to athletes.
People who have obesity are at increased risk for many diseases and health conditions, including the following: 10, 17, A comparison of the Slaughter skinfold-thickness equations and BMI in predicting body fatness and cardiovascular disease risk factor levels in children. Body fat throughout childhood in healthy Danish children: agreement of BMI, waist circumference, skinfolds with dual X-ray absorptiometry.
Comparison of body fatness measurements by BMI and skinfolds vs dual energy X-ray absorptiometry and their relation to cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents.
Comparison of dual-energy x-ray absorptiometric and anthropometric measures of adiposity in relation to adiposity-related biologic factors.
Association between general and central adiposity in childhood, and change in these, with cardiovascular risk factors in adolescence: prospective cohort study. BMJ , , p. Estimates of excess deaths associated with body mass index and other anthropometric variables.
Relation of body mass index and skinfold thicknesses to cardiovascular disease risk factors in children: the Bogalusa Heart Study. Comparison of bioelectrical impedance and BMI in predicting obesity-related medical conditions. Silver Spring , 14 3 , pp. Vital Health Stat. Beyond body mass index. Measures of body composition in blacks and whites: a comparative review. High adiposity and high body mass index-for-age in US children and adolescents overall and by race-ethnic group.
Appropriate body-mass index for Asian populations and its implications for policy and intervention strategies. Lancet , , pp.
BMI in Adults: Is Yours Healthy, and if Not, How Can You Lose Weight? | Everyday Health
The benefits of maintaining a healthy weight go far beyond improved energy and smaller clothing sizes. By losing weight or maintaining a healthy weight, you are also likely to enjoy these quality-of-life factors too.
It is used as a screening tool to identify whether an adult is at a healthy weight. Your body is made up of water, fat, protein, carbohydrate and various vitamins and minerals. If you have too much fat — especially if a lot of it is at your waist — you're at higher risk for such health problems as high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol and diabetes. That increases your risk for heart diseases and stroke.
Obesity is now recognized as a major, independent risk factor for heart disease. If you're overweight or obese, you can reduce your risk for heart disease by successfully losing weight and keeping it off.
Waist circumference and body mass index BMI are indirect ways to assess your body composition. Waist-to-hip ratio WHR is another index of body fat distribution. To calculate your exact BMI value, multiply your weight in pounds by , divide by your height in inches, then divide again by your height in inches. Healthy Eating. Losing Weight. A BMI between A BMI of less than Excess weight increases the heart's work. Greater weight loss can even help reduce BP and improve blood cholesterol.
Waist circumference is the distance around your natural waist at the iliac crest — or hip bone. What is the body mass index BMI? BMI values from Overweight is defined as a body mass index of People with BMIs in this range have an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease. Obesity is defined as a BMI of Some well-trained people with dense muscle mass may have a high BMI score but very little body fat. How do you find your BMI risk level?
Use a weight scale on a hard, flat, uncarpeted surface. Wear very little clothing and no shoes. Weigh yourself to the nearest pound. With your eyes facing forward and your heels together, stand very straight against a wall. Your buttocks, shoulders and the back of your head should be touching the wall. Mark your height at the highest point of your head. Also figure your height in inches only.
The ranges of weight that correspond to minimal risk, moderate risk overweight and high risk obese are shown in the three columns for each height.
Last Reviewed: Aug 1, Eggland's Best. Nationally Supported by. Moderate risk BMI 25—